Nº 23
[Index] - [Humanities and Social Sciencies] - [Technical and Natural Sciencies]

Humanities and Social Sciencies

Pedagogic-ideological trends in the recent history of Argentine Education.

Carolina Gorfinkel de Kaufmann

Key-Words: Argentina - pedagogic ideologies - educational militarization
WThis article presents a synthesis about the group of the methodological elements, conditions of realization, and some results reached in a triennial project (1997-2000) named Pedagogic/ideological Tendencies in the Recent History of the Argentine Education (1st Stage). The reseaech had as its main goal to study, to analyze and to go deeper in the prevalent pedagogic and ideological trends in the educational history of our country and, to a lesser extent, in neighboring countries during the last dictatorships. The particular objectives were regulated in accordance with the different sub-products: Sub-products 1: Educational Militarization; Sub-project 2: Personalized styles on Education; Sub-project 3: Academic groups within the University.

Epistemological categories to direct and evaluate knowledge construction processes in the educational environment

María del Pilar Britos, Silvina S. Baudino, Mónica del C. Ugalde et al.

Key-Words: epistemology - constructions - paradigms - problematization
The investigation outlook focused on an analysis of epistemological categories that would allow approaching the problem of 'Intellectual Work Methods and Techniques' in the area of social sciences. Starting from a tracing of logics and paradigms that articulated the possibilities of intellectual work practices around an instrumental idea regarding the 'knowledge of the method,' we attempted to analyze the discourse arrangement of this diagram, and 'problematize its problematization' thus showing the boundaries of the expository games of this 'file.' Through the analysis of documents from the Area, and versions by the students, we attempted an approximation to knowledge that influence on positioning and conformation of the intellectual work subjects, placing discourse in a category field that would allow resignifying their processes and practices, and redefining the reading codes for them. The idea that directed this investigation was that the introduction of such categories would open a space for reviewing inherited models and the specific conditions of knowledge experience in the academic environment.

Communicative action and virtue: two models for social integration

Elvio Alcides Tell, Carlos Iglesias, María T.Trachitte

Key-Words: ethics - values - virtues - social integration
The process for rationalization and secularization of the religious images of the world, which began in modern times, is thoroughly displayed today, when socialization of individuals is pluralized in different spheres of action and contrasting particular logics. To face this challenge, three models of coordination and social integration are proposed: the communicative action theory by Jürgen Habermas; the theory of virtue by Alasdair MacIntyre; and Agnes Heller's thinking, with the goal of establishing contact points between theories. Habermas proposes as mediation form between spheres of action, the creation of a space for consensus capable of being acknowledged as valid for everyone, who thus can achieve their interests coordination only through discourse. This is not enough for the theory of virtue, which would state that communicative action is feasible if, and only if, there are apt personal resources (virtues) capable of reconstructing the unity of behaviors translated into moral commitment, a necessary guarantee for social cooperation. However, virtue would be preceded by a decision to attain it, which according to Agnes Heller, would be possible by choosing oneself as a righteous person.

Academic performance of freshmen and students in the "Universidad Nacional de Entre Ríos": The case of students in the Faculties of Engineering and Economic Sciences (1987-1997)

María M. Colombo, Oscar G. Barbosa, Ricardo J. M. Claucich et al.

Key-Words: educational statistics - evaluation of learning, university entrance
The characteristics of students entering the Faculties of Engineering and Economic Sciences belonging to the "Universidad Nacional de Entre Ríos" were analyzed with the objective of establishing markers for academic performance and continuance in the institution, trying to point trends, constants, and determining factors, and including the economic-social features of the students. A group of hypothesis was formulated about the problems detected related to the specific characteristics of faculties, and it is expected that the conclusions will contribute to provide a basis for policies and decisions regarding entrance, evaluation, support to students and professoriate. We are particularly interested in contributing from the Math's Department to overcome the problems detected, readdressing the planning for developing the contents of the discipline, and its forms of evaluation.

The first newspaper in Concepción del Uruguay

Julio Moyano

Key-Words: history - press - journalism
Here, we publish new information from the "Archivo Histórico Nacional" (National Historical File) -the Urquiza and Seguí Files- about the first newspaper and the first journalist from Concepción del Uruguay, and their relationship to the foundational moment of the "Colegio Histórico" (Historical College) of this city, which has recently celebrated its 150 years of foundation. The possibility of existence of a newspaper there in 1822, which is supported by some historians, is critically analyzed and denied. Finally, evidence regarding the way journalism worked that was proper of that time (beginning of 1850's) is presented, as well as the role played by editors.
[Index] - [Humanities and Social Sciencies] - [Technical and Natural Sciencies]